The influence of interfacial structure on the mechanical properties of liquid-phase-sintered aluminum-ceramic composites

Academic Article


  • The effect of interfacial structure on the mechanical properties of aluminum-ceramic composite materials fabricated by liquid phase sintering was studied. The composites were based on two matrix alloys (powder metallurgy alloys 201 and 601) reinforced with either Al2O3 or SiC particulate. Characterization of the interfacial regions demonstrated that the SiC-matrix interfaces were faceted whereas the Al2O3-matrix interfaces had an incomplete layer of a silicon-rich amorphous phase. Preferential attack of the particles during sintering is believed to cause the crystallographic facets to form on SiC. Locally high silicon concentrations near Al2O3 particles led to the formation of a glassy phase from the reduction of Al2O3. The difference in interfacial structure resulted in a higher particle-matrix bond strength and therefore improved composite mechanical properties in the SiC-reinforced materials compared with the Al2O3-reinforced materials. © 1990.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Janowski GM; Pletka BJ
  • Start Page

  • 65
  • End Page

  • 76
  • Volume

  • 129
  • Issue

  • 1