Quantification and localisation of angiotensin ii receptors and angiotensin converting enzyme in the developing rat heart

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: The aim was to determine the quantification and localisation of angiotensin II receptors and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in the developing rat heart. Methods: Quantitative autoradiography was used to determine the density of [125I]Sar1-angiotensin II binding to angiotensin II receptors and the density of [125I]351A binding to ACE. Results: Angiotensin II receptors were first detected in the myocardium on embryonic day 14, and reached a maximum density within the first postnatal week. During the perinatal period, the density of angiotensin II receptors was twofold higher in atrial than in ventricular myocardium [27(SEM 7) ν 11(1) fmol·mg-1 protein]. By adulthood, however, the density of angiotensin II receptors did not differ between atria and ventricles. A high density of angiotensin II receptors was first detected in the cardiac vasculature on embryonic day 19, with binding density decreasing during development. During the embryonic and early postnatal periods, most of the binding in the cardiac vasculature was to AT2 receptors. ACE was first detected in the myocardium on the day of birth, with the density of binding to ACE increasing during development. On postnatal day 56, the density of binding to ACE was fourfold higher in atrial than in ventricular myocardium [99(22) ν 22(4) fmol·mg-1 protein]. A moderate density of binding to ACE was first detected in the cardiac vasculature and heart valves on embryonic day 19, with binding density increasing during development. By adulthood, the density of binding to ACE was 10- to 25-fold higher in the cardiac vasculature and heart valves than in the myocardium. Conclusions: The density of angiotensin II receptors and the density of binding to ACE are developmentally regulated in the heart. Both AT1 and AT2 receptors were present in the rat heart by late gestation and could, therefore, mediate the effects of angiotensin II on early cardiac growth and development.
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    Author List

  • Hunt RA; Ciuffo GM; Saavedra JM; Tucker DC
  • Start Page

  • 834
  • End Page

  • 840
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 9