Endoscopy of the forehead: A simple, effective and lasting procedure

Chapter

Abstract

  • The development of endoscopy of the forehead has provided a simple, lasting and effective procedure to improve the upper third of the face [1]. While the traditional coronal forehead lift invariably results in a long scalp scar, scalp dysesthesia, and alopecia, the endoscopic approach avoids these problematic outcomes. Because endoscopy is a minimally invasive technique and the length of the procedure is short, it can be safely combined with other facial aesthetic surgery procedures to produce a harmonious aesthetic result. With appropriate application, the endoscopic forehead lift has a low rate of complications and beneficial longterm results [2]. © 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13

  • 9783540463214
  • Start Page

  • 253
  • End Page

  • 257