Self-report of cognitive functioning using the Multiple Abilities Self-Report Questionnaire (MASQ) was examined in 57 left (LTLE) and 36 right (RTLE) temporal lobe epilepsy patients. The MASQ is a 38-item self-report measure assessing five domains of self-perceived cognitive functioning: Language, Visual-Perceptual Abilities, Verbal Memory, Visual-Spatial Memory, and Attention/Concentration. Overall, LTLE patients self-reported more cognitive difficulties across all domains. Language was the only domain to emerge as a robust indicator of seizure lateralization (LTLE patients reporting more problems). Neuropsychological test performance did not emerge as a significant predictor for any domain, whereas measures of psychosocial and emotional functioning accounted for a significant but modest amount of variance in all of them. The results suggest caution in using such self-report measures as an ecological extension of objective testing, but suggest a role in assessing self-appraisal of deficits. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.