Objective To compare early outcomes of endovascular repair of juxtarenal and suprarenal aneurysms using the chimney technique with open repair in anatomically-matched patients. Methods Between January 2008 and December 2009, 21 patients underwent endovascular repair of juxtarenal and suprarenal aortic aneurysms with chimney stenting (Ch-EVAR) of 1 or 2 renal and/or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) vessels. These were compared with 21 anatomically-matched patients that underwent open repair (OR) during the same time period. Primary end points were 30-day mortality, chimney stent patency, and type Ia endoleak. Secondary end points included early complications, renal function, blood loss, and length of stay (LOS). Results Despite a higher proportion of women, oxygen-dependent pulmonary disease and lower baseline renal function, 30-day mortality was identical with one death (4.8%) in each group. Blood loss and total LOS were significantly less for Ch-EVAR. Six patients (29%) in the chimney group had acute kidney injury (AKI) compared with the open group, in which there were one (4.8%) AKI and four (19%) acute renal failures, of which two (9.5%) required chronic hemodialysis. Renal function at 12 months demonstrated similar declines in the overall estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the Ch-EVAR and OR groups (11.1 ± 19.6 vs 10.4 ± 25.2, P = NS, respectively). There was one asymptomatic SMA stent occlusion at 6 months and partial compression of a second SMA stent which underwent repeat balloon angioplasty. Primary patency at 6 and 12 months was 94% and 84%, respectively. There was one type Ia endoleak noted at 30 days which resolved by 6 months. Conclusions Ch-EVAR may extend the anatomical eligibility of endovascular aneurysm repair using conventional devices. It appears to have similar mortality to open repair with less morbidity. Long-term durability and stent patency remain to be determined. © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery.