Objective: To develop a conceptual framework to guide interpretation of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (A. Rey, 1958) and similar list-learning tasks across the adult life span for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Study Design: Factor analysis with comparisons of sample-based and norm-based factor scores across age groups. Participants: 221 individuals with SCI undergoing inpatient rehabilitation. Results: The retained model consisted of 3 correlated factors: General Verbal Learning, Auditory Attention, and Inaccurate Recall. Cross-sectional age trends suggest decreased auditory attention and verbal learning with increasing age. The inverse pattern was observed for inaccurate recall. Conclusions: These factors are consistent with other models using similar methodology. The results offer a means of identifying barriers to meeting the educational and therapeutic goals of post-SCI rehabilitation. Copyright 2005 by the Educational Publishing Foundation.