© 2017 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Introduction Cancer survivorship is a concept that focuses on the complete medical and holistic care of the patient with cancer from the time of diagnosis to the time of death. In 2015 the number of cancer survivors in the United States was expected to exceed 14.5 million people and a significant portion of these patients have malignancies that affect the genitourinary health of the survivor. In this review we describe the concept of cancer survivorship and review the important role of the urologist in cancer survivor care. Methods A literature search concerning cancer survivorship and urogenital neoplasms was performed. We systematically searched Medline® from inception until July 2015 with the objective of identifying studies specifically targeting broad survivorship care concerns for genitourinary neoplasms. We also included nonsystematically identified publications, and governmental and agency produced reports that are currently available through various government entities and organizations. Results Systematic searching yielded 35 articles and 7 reports for inclusion in our literature review. Urology relevant Medline findings were categorized into review articles, biopsychosocial aspects of cancer care, guidelines or society recommendations, diet and exercise related materials, models or coordination of care, or other. We found that the development of guidelines and recommendations for survivorship care in urology has been limited by the quality of the studies published to date. Conclusions More patients are surviving cancer and living with the consequences of treatment of the primary disease. Awareness of the components of survivorship will be critical as more national organizations require specific survivorship care programs to address these issues. Given that a large number of cancer survivors in the United States have survived urological malignancy or have urological side effects of treatment, the urology community must be familiar with the global concept of survivorship.