The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the impact of speed of processing training on the cognitive and everyday abilities of older adults with initial processing speed or processing difficulty. Participants were randomized to either a speed of processing intervention or a social- and computer-contact control group. Results indicate that speed of processing training not only improves processing speed, as indicated by performance on the Useful Field of View test (UFOV®), but also transfers to certain everyday functions, as indicated by improved performance on Timed Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (Timed IADL). Transfer of speed of processing training to other cognitive domains was not evident. This study provides additional evidence that speed of processing training has the potential to enhance everyday functions that maintain independence and quality of life, particularly when the training is targeted toward individuals who most need it. Further study is needed to learn about the long-term effects of such training in relation to everyday abilities. © 2005 Taylor & Francis Group Ltd.