Inhibition of leptin secretion by insulin and metformin in cultured rat adipose tissue

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Leptin's role in the regulation of food intake, energy expenditure and weight control are widely recognized, especially in rodents. Likewise, the potential regulation of leptin secretion by insulin (and vice versa) has been of particular interest insofar as these nutrient signals may have meaningful, even adverse (inter)actions, in diabetes. We used a freshly isolated rat adipose tissue culture model to examine the effect of insulin, metformin and glibenclamide on basal and steroid-stimulated leptin secretion. This model was selected because of its physiologic rates of leptin formation and preservation of potentially significant cell-cell interactions compared to isolated cells. The basal rate of leptin secretion was 3.4±1.2 ng/100 mg tissue/24 h. The addition of 100 nM dexamethasone or 400 nM hydrocortisone stimulated leptin secretion by 3-4 fold over basal (no steroid). Insulin inhibited both basal and steroid-activated leptin secretion by 35-50%. This inhibition was present with either 1 mM pyruvate or 5 mM glucose as a substrate suggesting that glycolysis was not required. Metformin inhibited basal and dexamethasone-stimulated leptin secretion in a dose dependent manner (50% inhibition occurred at 1 mM metformin) while glibenclamide was ineffective. The effect of insulin on isolated fat cells versus fat tissue was tested in parallel. After 24 h in culture, insulin inhibited leptin secretion similarly in both adipose preparations. The addition of 200 nM (-)N6-(2-phenylisopropyl)-adenosine did not alter the results. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mick GJ; Wang X; Ling Fu C; McCormick KL
  • Start Page

  • 426
  • End Page

  • 432
  • Volume

  • 1502
  • Issue

  • 3