With widespread use of ultrasound in early pregnancy, incidental adnexal masses are detected frequently. This article reviews the differential diagnosis, appropriate evaluation, and current treatment options for adnexal masses in pregnancy. With the increased sophistication of ultrasound, observation has become a more viable option. However, for those masses suspicious for malignancy, at risk for torsion, or clinically symptomatic, surgical management is warranted. With increasing numbers of successful laparoscopic procedures reported in pregnancy, laparoscopy appears to be a safe option with trained and experienced providers. © 2011 Mosby, Inc.