Hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier-201 transports oxygen and improves survival in swine with hemorrhagic shock, but has potential to be immune activating. Herein, we evaluated HBOC-201's immune effects in swine with more severe hemorrhagic shock due to soft tissue injury and 55% blood volume catheter withdrawal over 15 minutes followed by fluid resuscitation at 20 minutes with HBOC-201, Hextend, or no treatment (NON) before hospital arrival. Survival rates were similar with HBOC-201 and Hextend (p > 0.05), but were higher than in (p = 0.007). There were no significant group differences in blood cell count, percentages of leukocyte sub-populations and immunophenotype (CD4:CD8 ratio), adhesion markers expression (neutrophil CD11b; monocyte or neutrophil CD49d) and apoptosis. There was a trend to higher plasma IL-10 in HBOC-201 and groups vs. Hextend. We conclude that in swine with severe controlled HS and soft tissue injury, immune responses are similar with resuscitation with HBOC-201 and Hextend. Copyright © Informa Healthcare.