Structures of Abeta-related peptide--monoclonal antibody complexes.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Passive immunotherapy (PI) is being explored as a potential therapeutic against Alzheimer's disease. The most promising antibodies (Abs) used in PI target the EFRH motif of the Abeta N-terminus. The monoclonal anti-Abeta Ab PFA1 recognizes the EFRH epitope of Abeta. PFA1 has a high affinity for Abeta fibrils and protofibrils (0.1 nM), as well as good affinity for Abeta monomers (20 nM). However, PFA1 binds the toxic N-terminally modified pyroglutamate peptide pyro-Glu3-Abeta with a 77-fold loss in affinity compared to the WT Abeta(1-8). Furthermore, our earlier work illustrated PFA1's potential for cross-reactivity. The receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2, which plays a role in skeletal and bone formation, possesses the EFRH sequence. PFA1 Fab binds the Ror2(518-525) peptide sequence REEFRHEA with a 3-fold enhancement over WT Abeta(1-8). In this work, the crystal structures of the hybridoma-derived PFA1 Fab in complex with pyro-Glu3-Abeta peptide and with a cross-reacting peptide from Ror2 have been determined at resolutions of 1.95 and 2.7 A, respectively. As with wild-type Abeta, these peptides bind to the Fab via a combination of charge- and shape-complementarity, hydrogen-bonding, and hydrophobic interactions. Comparison of the structures of the four peptides Abeta(1-8), Grip1, pyro-Glu3-Abeta(3-8), and Ror2 in complex with PFA1 shows that the greatest conformational flexibility occurs at residues 2 to 3 and 8 of the peptide. These structures provide a molecular basis of the specificity tolerance of PFA1 and its ability to recognize Abeta N-terminal heterogeneity. The structures provide clues to improving mAb specificity and affinity for pyroglutamate Abeta.
  • Published In

  • Biochemistry  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Amyloid beta-Peptides, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Binding Sites, Crystallography, X-Ray, Epitopes, Hydrogen Bonding, Immunization, Passive, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptides, Protein Conformation
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gardberg A; Dice L; Pridgen K; Ko J; Patterson P; Ou S; Wetzel R; Dealwis C
  • Start Page

  • 5210
  • End Page

  • 5217
  • Volume

  • 48
  • Issue

  • 23