Repeated occurrence of a hitherto unrecognized form of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SED tarda) has been studied in two independent families. Because parental consanguinity was also present in one family, autosomal recessive inheritance is proposed. The onset was in late childhood. The slowly evolving disorder shared several features of the already known types of SED tarda. The radiographic abnormalities were limited to the spine and proximal femora. The patients' hands were normal. The entity described is set apart not only from the X-linked and autosomal-dominant forms of SED tarda but also from the already delineated autosomal recessive types by significant clinical and radiographic differences. Final genotypic characterization must await the results of genetic linkage studies and of appropriate molecular genetics investigations. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.