Characterization of dense arrays of chemiresistor vapor sensors with submicrometer features and patterned nanoparticle interface layers

Academic Article


  • The performance of arrays of small, densely integrated chemiresistor (CR) vapor sensors with electron-beam patterned interface layers of thiolate-monolayer-protected gold nanoparticles (MPNs) is explored. Each CR in the array consists of a 100-μm2 interdigital electrode separated from adjacent devices by 4 μm. Initial studies involved four separate arrays, each containing four CRs coated with one of four different MPNs, which were calibrated with five vapors before and after MPN-film patterning. MPNs derived from n-octanethiol (C8), 4-(phenylethynyl)-benzenethiol (DPA), 6-phenoxyhexane-1-thiol (OPH), and methyl-6-mercaptohexanoate (HME) were tested. Parallel calibrations of MPN-coated thickness-shear-mode resonators (TSMR) were used to derive partition coefficients of unpatterned films and to assess transducer-dependent factors affecting responses. A 600-μm2 4-CR array with four different patterned MPN interface layers, in which the MPN derived from 7-hydroxy-7,7-bis(trifluoro-methyl)heptane-1-thiol (HFA) was substituted for HME, was then characterized. This is the smallest multi-MPN array yet reported. Reductions in the diversity of the collective response patterns are observed with the patterned films, but projected vapor discrimination rates remain high. The use of such arrays as ultralow-dead-volume detectors in microscale gas chromatographic analyzers is discussed. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bohrer FI; Covington E; Kurdak C; Zellers ET
  • Start Page

  • 3687
  • End Page

  • 3695
  • Volume

  • 83
  • Issue

  • 10