Insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction are common following injury. Polytrauma is defined as combined injuries to more than one body part or organ system, and is common in modern warfare, as well as automobile and industrial accidents. Polytrauma can include any combination of burn injury, fracture, hemorrhage, trauma to the extremities, and blunt or penetrating trauma. Multiple minor injuries are often more deleterious than a more severe single injury. To investigate the mechanisms of development of insulin resistance following injury, we have developed a rat model of polytrauma which combined soft tissue trauma with burn injury and penetrating gastrointestinal (GI) trauma. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a laparotomy plus either a 15–18% total body surface area scald burn or a single puncture of the cecum (CLP) with a G30 needle, or the combination of both burn and CLP injuries (polytrauma). We examined the effects of polytrauma which increased markers of hepatic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and increased hepatic Trib3 mRNA levels coincident with reduced insulin-inducible insulin signaling. Phosphorylation/activation of the insulin receptor (IR) and AKT were decreased at 24, but not 6 h following polytrauma. These results demonstrate a complex, time-dependent development of hepatic ER-stress and a diminished response to insulin, which were among the pathological sequelae following polytrauma.