Central nervous system fungal infection in a young male with a history of intravenous drug abuse and hepatitis C

Academic Article


  • A young male, with a known history of hepatitis C and heroin abuse, was admitted to the emergency department with altered sensorium, left-sided weakness, and no meningeal signs. Initial computed tomography imaging showed hypodensity involving right basal ganglia with mass effect but no hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple nonenhancing small foci of restricted diffusion involving the right basal ganglia, T2 and FLAIR hyperintensity within the right basal ganglia, and internal capsule with mild surrounding edema. The patient was treated for encephalitis and atypical stroke given the history of intravenous drug abuse. Follow-up imaging showed worsening of the brain lesions, with involvement of the contralateral basal ganglia with necrosis and peripheral enhancement. Brain biopsy was ultimately performed and suggested infection with Aspergillus species and associated parenchymal infarction. The patient was treated with voriconazole with subsequent significant clinical improvement.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hadley C; Haneef Mohamed AW; Singhal A
  • Start Page

  • 590
  • End Page

  • 596
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 3