Postinjury employment outcomes among African-American and white persons with spinal cord injury

Academic Article


  • The postinjury employment status of 1,042 white persons and 196 persons of African-American descent enrolled in the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center database was investigated to determine whether factors that influence re-employment differ for the two racial groups. The specific factors examined included age, education and marital status at time of injury, gender, neurologic level and extent of injury, and vocational rehabilitation client status. Age and education were found to predict employment status for both whites and African-Americans, with education being an especially strong predictor for African-Americans. Gender had an impact on re-employment only for African-Americans while neurologic level of injury was predictive only for whites. Findings emphasize the importance of looking at racial/ethnic differences when investigating employment, especially as this is related to developing interventions aimed at increasing the relatively low postinjury employment rates among persons with spinal cord injury.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • James M; DeVivo MJ; Richards JS
  • Start Page

  • 151
  • End Page

  • 164
  • Volume

  • 38
  • Issue

  • 3