Accurate ionization thresholds of atoms subject to half-cycle pulses

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The evolution of Rydberg states of hydrogen and alkali-metal atoms subject to short half-cycle pulses is studied. The convergence of the numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation based on an expansion of the electronic wave function in a finite basis set of Sturmian functions is analyzed in detail. It is shown that the accuracy of such calculations can be established by investigating the stabilization of the transition probabilities with respect to the parameters that define the basis set. The dependence of the quantum and classical ionization thresholds on the pulse shape is investigated. The calculations are compared with experimental data for various pulse profiles, which feature slow or fast rise times. The results show that the ionization thresholds for long pulses are very sensitive to the rise time of the electric field. © 1998 The American Physical Society.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Yoshida S; Reinhold CO; Burgdörfer J; Tannian BE; Popple RA; Dunning FB
  • Start Page

  • 2229
  • End Page

  • 2241
  • Volume

  • 58
  • Issue

  • 3