THE GENETIC BASIS OF MALE POTENCY IN VOLVOX CARTERI F. NAGARIENSIS (CHLOROPHYCEAE)

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Sexual males of Volvox carteri Stein f. nagariensis Iyengar secrete a hormone which induces sexual rather than asexual development in the next generation. Male recombinants from the original strains isolated from Japan showed an increase in potency of up to 100 times that of the original male clone, with later descendants showing potencies ranging from 100 times to 1/1000 the potency of this male. Potency is defined as the extent to which the hormone produced in 1 ml of medium by one parental spheroid containing 16 male spheroids can be diluted and retain its capacity to induce sexual differentiation. This is recorded as the percent of female response in the tube of limiting dilution, asexual females of the normal female strain being used as assay inoculum in a 1 in 10 dilution series of samples of male fluid containing the sexual hormone. Investigation of the genetic basis for potency in this species included selection of high and low potency male clones and crossing with sib females or backcrossing with original female. Results of the various crosses are interpreted as multigenic system not linked with sex, with more than one genotypic class per dilution level and with more than one genotypic class per apparent phenotypic class. Possible genic interactions are described in their relevance to the biosynthesis of a glycoprotein molecule, the sexual hormone having been characterized as a glycoprotein by Starr and Jaenicke (18). Copyright © 1975, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Meredith RF; Starr RC
  • Start Page

  • 265
  • End Page

  • 272
  • Volume

  • 11
  • Issue

  • 3