This study identified correlates of reporting voluntary sex with casual partner (VS-CP) among African American adolescent females. Sexually active African-American female teens (N = 522) were recruited from neighborhoods characterized by high rates of unemployment, substance abuse, violence and STDs. Of the 609 eligible adolescents, 522 (85.7%) agreed to participate in the study. VS-CP was reported by 15.9% of adolescents. Identified correlates of VS-CP were acquiescing to unwanted sex, living with a non-parent relative, never being pregnant, rejecting messages about the value of condoms for disease prevention, low parental supervision, and dissatisfaction with body image. These correlates may be important in the targeting and design of STD/HIV prevention programs for African -American adolescent females. © 2001 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.