Health lifestyles and self-direction in employment among American men: A test of the spillover effect

Academic Article


  • This paper examines whether American males with a high degree of control over their work situation pursue healthy lifestyles and rate their physical health more positively than those who score low on occupational self-direction. That is, are persons who control their work more likely to also try to control their health through living in a particularly healthy manner? We found that there was no support for a spillover effect from high occupational self-direction to enhanced participation in health lifestyles or more positive self-rated health. The findings suggest health lifestyles have spread throughout occupational work groups in the U.S. and support research that maintains such lifestyles have spread across social strata in America. © 1989.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Abel T; Cockerham WC; Lueschen G; Kunz G
  • Start Page

  • 1269
  • End Page

  • 1274
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 12