Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) intron 1 has a polymorphic region of CA repeats that is believed to be associated with increased EGFR expression, tumor aggressiveness, and worse survival in cancer patients. Methods: A large population of pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients was investigated to evaluate this polymorphism as a potential prognostic marker of clinical outcome. Deoxyribonucleic acid obtained from 50 resected pancreatic adenocarcinomas and from 85 diagnostic endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration procedures corresponding to patients with unresectable tumors was included. The correlation between CA repeat length and EGFR messenger ribonucleic acid levels was also examined. Results: Analysis of the 135 patients revealed no correlation between EGFR intron 1 CA repeat length and tumor stage. There was no difference in overall patient survival when stratified by allele length. A correlation between EGFR intron 1 length and EGFR transcript and protein levels could not be established. Conclusions: The length of the EGFR intron 1 CA repeats does not correlate with levels of EGFR expression and cannot be used as marker of clinical prognosis in pancreatic cancer patients. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.