This study examined the academic performance of 399 reapplicants who had entered the University of Alabama School of Medicine between 1978 and 1984. Compared with the first-time applicants, the reapplicants had lower preadmission measures and a higher rate of academic difficulty during medical school. However, applicant status (that is, first-time or reapplicant) added nothing to the prediction of academic difficulty over what could be predicted by preadmission measures alone: the students with lower preadmission measures were more likely to experience academic difficulty, regardless of their applicant status. Based on these results, reapplicants should not be viewed negatively simply because they are reapplicants. © 1989 Association of American Medical Colleges.