Clinical characteristics of nursing home residents hospitalized with heart failure

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the clinical characteristics of heart failure among nursing home residents hospitalized with heart failure and determine the validity of dyspnea at rest in the diagnosis of heart failure. Methods: Subjects were nursing home residents hospitalized with a diagnosis of heart failure. Data on demographic and various admission characteristics were collected by chart abstraction. Proportions of patients presenting with various symptoms and signs of heart failure have been described. The diagnosis of heart failure was confirmed using modified Framingham criteria. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of the symptom of dyspnea at rest in the diagnosis of heart failure in nursing home residents hospitalized with heart failure were then estimated. Results: Patients (N = 98) were elderly, predominantly female and about one-fifth African-American. Dyspnea at rest was the presenting symptom of 85 (87%) patients. Sixty-eight (69%) patients met modified Framingham criteria for the diagnosis of heart failure. Dyspnea at rest had a sensitivity of 91%, specificity of 23%, and predictive value positive of 73% for diagnosis of heart failure. Conclusion: Dyspnea at rest was the most common symptom among this cohort of nursing home residents hospitalized with heart failure and has a potential to play a useful role in the diagnosis of heart failure in these patients. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 10919853
  • Author List

  • Ahmed A
  • Start Page

  • 310
  • End Page

  • 313
  • Volume

  • 3