Molecular cross-talk between the TRAIL and interferon signaling pathways

Academic Article

Abstract

  • TRAIL/APO-2L induces apoptosis in a variety of transformed cells and has potential as an anti-cancer therapeutic. The physiologic role of TRAIL is presumably more complex than merely activating caspase-mediated cell death. To shed light into TRAIL-mediated signaling, we used DNA microarrays to profile gene expression mediated by TRAIL in breast carcinoma cells. Primary response genes induced by TRAIL included a number of known NF-κB-dependent genes such as cIAP2, A20, and E-selectin. Remarkably, global transcriptome analysis revealed that TRAIL also induced a cohort of genes related to the interferon-signaling pathway. Assessing interferon-induced gene expression suggested various points of interaction with the TRAIL signaling pathway. Interestingly, while we observed interferon-mediated up-regulation of TRAIL, we also demonstrated a concomitant TRAIL-mediated induction of interferon-β. Combining TRAIL and interferon in vitro, synergistically induced apoptosis and caspase activation in breast cancer cells. Together, these data indicate multiple levels of molecular cross-talk between the two diverse cytokines with anti-tumor properties.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kumar-Sinha C; Varambally S; Sreekumar A; Chinnaiyan AM
  • Start Page

  • 575
  • End Page

  • 585
  • Volume

  • 277
  • Issue

  • 1