This is a case presentation of a 28-year-old woman with a mass at the junction of the neck and the body of the pancreas and a childhood history of a resected adrenal neuroblastoma. A central pancreatectomy was performed in this patient. The pathology revealed a benign ganglioneuroma. Ganglioneuromas and their association with a neuroblastoma are briefly reviewed. The indications and contraindications for, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of, a central pancreatic resection are discussed. Copyright © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel and IAP.