Return to driving within 5 years of moderatesevere traumatic brain injury

Academic Article


  • Primary objective: To examine return to driving and variables associated with that activity in a longitudinal database. Research design: Retrospective analysis of a large, national database. Methods and procedures: The sample was comprised of people with predominantly moderatesevere traumatic brain injury (TBI) enrolled in the TBI Model System national database at 16 centres and followed at 1 (n 5942), 2 (n 4628) and 5 (n 2324) years after injury. Main outcomes and results: Respondents were classified as driving or not driving at each follow-up interval. Five years after injury, half the sample had returned to driving. Those with less severe injuries were quicker to return to driving, but, by 5 years, severity was not a factor. Those who were driving expressed a higher life satisfaction. Functional status at rehabilitation discharge, age at injury, race, pre-injury residence, pre-injury employment status and education level were associated with the odds of a person driving. Conclusions: Half of those with a moderatesevere TBI return to driving within 5 years and most of those within 1 year of injury. Driving is associated with increased life satisfaction. There are multiple factors that contribute to return to driving that do not relate to actual driving ability.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Brain Injury  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 17345580
  • Author List

  • Novack TA; Labbe D; Grote M; Carlson N; Sherer M; Carlos Arango-Lasprilla J; Bushnik T; Cifu D; Powell JM; Ripley D
  • Start Page

  • 464
  • End Page

  • 471
  • Volume

  • 24
  • Issue

  • 3