This report presents the results from a Mayo Clinic initiated phase I/II study exploring a potentially more aggressive local and systemic approach for treatment of limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LSSCLC). Five patients with LSSCLC received three cycles of induction cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and infusion cisplatin chemotherapy. This was followed by accelerated hyperfractionated thoracic radiotherapy (AHFTRT) consisting of 30 Gy given as 1.5-Gy fractions twice daily with a 2-week break and then the AHFTRT was repeated. The AHFTRT was given concomitantly with daily oral etoposide and daily intravenous cisplatin. Prophylactic cranial radiation was delivered with the AHFTRT. After completion of the AHFTRT, patients received 4 cycles of oral etoposide maintenance chemotherapy. Follow-up of patients was continued until death or a minimum of 42 months. Three patients had severe toxic responses. No patients completed the entire protocol because of toxicity or progression during treatment. Three patients completed the majority of the protocol except for the four cycles of maintenance etoposide. Four of five patients achieved a complete response. There were two recurrences within the irradiated field, and distant metastases developed in four patients. Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia developed in one patient, who died 2 months later. No patient completed the entire protocol, because of toxicity or progression; therefore, this protocol cannot be recommended for the treatment of LSSCLC.