The objective was to review the evidence supporting various perioperative technical and management strategies for transvaginal cervical cerclage. We performed MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and COCHRANE searches with the terms, cerclage, cervical cerclage, cervical insufficiency, and randomized trials, plus each technical aspect (eg, suture, amniocentesis, etc) considered. The search spanned 1966 through September 2012 and was not restricted by language. Each retrieved manuscript was carefully evaluated, and any pertinent references from the reports were also obtained and reviewed. All randomized trials covering surgical and selected perioperative, nonsurgical aspects of cerclage were included in the review. The evidence was assessed separately for history-, ultrasound-, and physical examination-indicated cerclage. Evidence levels according to the new method outlined by the US Preventive Services Task Force were assigned based on the evidence. There are no grade A high-certainty recommendations regarding technical aspects of transvaginal cervical cerclage. Grade B moderate-certainty recommendations include performing a fetal ultrasound before cerclage to ensure fetal viability, confirm gestational age, and assess fetal anatomy to rule out clinically significant structural abnormalities; administering spinal, and not general, anesthesia; performing a McDonald cerclage, with 1 stitch, placed as high as possible; and outpatient setting. Unfortunately, no other recommendations can be made regarding the other technical aspects of cerclage. © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.