OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare operative outcomes and complications for patients with endometrial cancer who underwent staging by laparoscopy vs laparotomy in a low-volume facility. STUDY DESIGN: Research was conducted with a retrospective cohort of surgical patients with clinical stage I endometrial cancer from 2004-2009. RESULTS: Eighty-six demographically similar patients (50 laparotomy and 36 laparoscopy) were identified. Laparoscopy had less estimated blood loss (339 vs 558 mL; P = .013) and lower rates of transfusion (5.6% vs 24%; P=.02). Laparoscopy was longer (281 vs 202 minutes; P ≤ .0005) but required a shorter hospital stay (2.2 vs 5.5 days; P < .0005). Laparoscopy patients had fewer overall complications (16.7% vs 32%; P = .11). No differences in final surgical stage or lymph node yields between the groups were present. CONCLUSION: Although a longer procedure, laparoscopy had fewer complications and shorter hospital stays. Prolonged operative time, compared with published experience, is potentially the result of unique factors in our center. © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.