When murine spleen cells, alloantigen-sensitized previously in vivo, are incubated with spleen cells bearing the sensitizing alloantigens, a supernatant factor is produced that inhibits 3H-thymidine incorporation by responding lymphocytes in the mixed leukocyte reaction. This study evaluates the cellular and antigenic requirements during restimulation for elaboration of this suppressor factor, MLR-TsF. BALB/c spleen cells, sensitized to C57BL/6 (B6) alloantigens in vivo, produced MLR-TsF when cultured with B6 spleen cells in vitro, despite depletion of Sephadex G-10-adherent cells from factor-producing cells, stimulator cells, or from both populations. T cells were not required within the stimulating population, but a requirement for viable stimulator cells was demonstrated when heat-killed or glutaraldehyde-fixed stimulator cells failed to induce MLR-TsF production. The alloantigenic requirements for MLR-TsF production were addressed by 2 approaches. Treatment of stimulator cells with appropriate anti-I region antisera and complement did not affect MLR-TsF production, demonstrating that an absolute requirement for cells expressing I region determinants did not exist. However, spleen cells primed against entire H-2 haplotype differences produced significant quantities of MLR-TsF when they were restimulated with spleen cells homologous to the priming cells in only the I region, in the K and D regions, or in the D region alone. The additive nature of subregion-specific restimulation suggests that distinct subpopulations of K, I, and D region-specific MLR-Ts comprise the MLR-Ts population primed to entire H-2 haplotype differences.