Retinoids accelerate B lineage lymphoid differentiation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Retinoids are known to have potent effects on hemopoietic stem cell integrity, and our objective was to learn whether they influence cells destined to replenish the immune system. Total CD19 B lineage cells increased substantially in the marrow and spleens of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-treated C57BL6 mice, while lymphoid progenitors were reduced. All B lymphoid progenitors were targets of ATRA in culture and overall cell yields declined without reductions in proliferation. Remarkably, ATRA shortened the time required for primitive progenitors to generate CD19 cells. PCR analysis and a panel of retinoid acid receptor (RAR)/retinoid X receptor agonist treatments suggested that RARα mediates these responses. The transcription factors EBF1 and Pax-5 were elevated during treatment and ATRA had similar effects on human B cell differentiation. That is, it inhibited the expansion of human progenitor cells and accelerated their differentiation to B lineage cells. There may be previously unsuspected side effects of ATRA therapy, and the new findings suggest retinoids can normally contribute to the lymphopoietic environment in bone marrow. Copyright © 2007 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc. + +
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Chen X; Esplin BL; Garrett KP; Welner RS; Webb CF; Kincade PW
  • Start Page

  • 138
  • End Page

  • 145
  • Volume

  • 180
  • Issue

  • 1