Objective: To assess the differences in health behavior between multiple-member and single-member households by gender. Methods: Face-to-face household survey interviews were conducted. The relationship between health behaviors and living arrangement was assessed by adjusting for SES. Results: Women living alone exercised more and ate less food high in fat. More highly educated men were less likely to exercise 5 or more times a week than high school or less educated men. Conclusions: By analyzing local data, a profile can be established to develop and implement appropriate public health programs aimed at these various target communities for effective intervention and healthy change in the community.