Management and outcomes for black patients with acute myocardial infarction in the reperfusion era

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Data from a national registry of myocardial infarction patients from June 1994 to April 1996 were analyzed to compare the presenting characteristics, acute reperfusion strategies, treatment patterns, and clinical outcomes among black and white patients. Blacks presented much later to the hospital after the onset of symptoms (median 145 vs 122 minutes, p <0.001), were more likely to have atypical cardiac symptoms (28% vs 24%, p <0.001), and nondiagnostic electrocardiograms during the initial evaluation period compared with whites (37% vs 31%, p <0.001). Also, blacks were less likely to receive intravenous thrombolytic therapy (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.76, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 0.71 to 0.80), coronary arteriography (adjusted OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.95), other elective catheter-based procedures (adjusted OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.78 to 0.96), and coronary artery bypass surgery (adjusted OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.75) than their white counterparts. Despite these differences in treatment, there were no significant differences in hospital mortality between blacks and whites.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Taylor HA; Canto JG; Sanderson B; Rogers WJ; Hilbe J
  • Start Page

  • 1019
  • End Page

  • 1023
  • Volume

  • 82
  • Issue

  • 9