Comparison of the bruce and ramp protocols in the assessment of left ventricular performance during exercise in healthy women

Academic Article


  • Our results also show that women utilize the FrankStarling mechanism and increased contractility during upright exercise, and these compensatory mechanisms are not affected by the choice of protocol. © 1995 Excerpta Medica, Inc. All rights reserved under the United States, International, and Pan-American Copyright Conventions.
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bhadha K; Walter JD; DiMarzio D; Cave V; Cassel D; Heo J; Iskandrian AS
  • Start Page

  • 963
  • End Page

  • 966
  • Volume

  • 75
  • Issue

  • 14