Cases: The authors report two patients with occult spinal dysraphism who, following histological analysis, were found to harbor associated Pacinian hamartomas. One patient's hamartoma was found in conjunction with their lipomyelomeningocele and the other was combined with a presacral myxopapillary ependymoma associated with a fatty filum terminale. Discussion and conclusion: We review the literature and believe this to be only the third report of Pacinian hamartomas in association with occult spinal dysraphism. Although Pacinian hamartomas are seemingly rare in conjunction with occult spinal dysraphism, mesodermal elements are often found in this disease entity. © Springer-Verlag 2005.