Johan Georg Raeder (1889-1959) and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis.

Academic Article


  • INTRODUCTION: Johan Georg Raeder (1889-1959) was the most eminent Norwegian ophthalmologist in the early decades of the last century. Raeder made significant contributions to our current understanding of glaucoma. He is remembered for a syndrome he described, that of trigeminal nerve neuralgia and/or paresis and incomplete Horner's syndrome (oculopupillary sympathetic paresis). DISCUSSION: Here, Raeder's biography, scientific contributions, and a thorough review of his original report on paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis are presented. Raeder's syndrome may reflect a lesion of the middle cranial fossa, which involves oculopupillary sympathetic fibers that originate from the internal carotid artery plexus and travel with the trigeminal and oculomotor nerves.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 15196487
  • Author List

  • Shoja MM; Tubbs RS; Ghabili K; Loukas M; Oakes WJ; Cohen-Gadol AA
  • Start Page

  • 373
  • End Page

  • 376
  • Volume

  • 26
  • Issue

  • 3