Kleeblattschädel skull: A review of its history, diagnosis, associations, and treatment

Academic Article


  • Introduction: Kleeblattschädel (cloverleaf) skull is a very uncommon form of pansynostosis. Some cases are associated with syndromes, but often, this skull deformity is seen in isolation. To date, a comprehensive review of this topic is not available in the medical literature. Conclusions: Herein, we review the history, associations, diagnosis, treatment, and complications of Kleeblattschädel skull. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tubbs RS; Sharma A; Griessenauer C; Loukas M; Shoja MM; Watanabe K; Oakes WJ
  • Start Page

  • 745
  • End Page

  • 748
  • Volume

  • 29
  • Issue

  • 5