High attenuation areas on chest computed tomography in communitydwelling adults: The MESA study

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Evidence suggests that lung injury, inflammation and extracellular matrix remodelling precede lung fibrosis in interstitial lung disease (ILD). We examined whether a quantitative measure of increased lung attenuation on computed tomography (CT) detects lung injury, inflammation and extracellular matrix remodelling in community-dwelling adults sampled without regard to respiratory symptoms or smoking. We measured high attenuation areas (HAA; percentage of lung voxels between -600 and -250 Hounsfield Units) on cardiac CT scans of adults enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. HAA was associated with higher serum matrix metalloproteinase-7 (mean adjusted difference 6.3% per HAA doubling, 95% CI 1.3-11.5), higher interleukin-6 (mean adjusted difference 8.8%, 95% CI 4.8-13.0), lower forced vital capacity (FVC) (mean adjusted difference -82 mL, 95% CI -119-44), lower 6-min walk distance (mean adjusted difference -40 m, 95% CI -1-80), higher odds of interstitial lung abnormalities at 9.5 years (adjusted OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.43-2.65), and higher all cause-mortality rate over 12.2 years (HR 1.58, 95% CI 1.39-1.79). High attenuation areas are associated with biomarkers of inflammation and extracellular matrix remodelling, reduced lung function, interstitial lung abnormalities, and a higher risk of death among community-dwelling adults.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 26744025
  • Author List

  • Podolanczuk AJ; Oelsner EC; Barr RG; Hoffman EA; Armstrong HF; Austin JHM; Basner RC; Bartels MN; Christie JD; Enright PL
  • Start Page

  • 1442
  • End Page

  • 1452
  • Volume

  • 48
  • Issue

  • 5