We have compared twelve sulphone analogues of dapsone in terms of inhibition both of zymosan-mediated human neutrophil respiratory burst and inhibition of interleukin-1-stimulated neutrophil adhesion to transformed human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Overall, there was a good correlation between the respective rank orders of compound potency in the two test systems. The most effective compounds in terms of respiratory burst and adherence inhibition were the 2-nitro-4-amino-, 2-hydroxy-4-aminopropyl-, and 2-methoxy-4-aminoethyl- derivatives. In general, potency was inversely associated with lipophilicity; compounds with bulky side-chains, e.g. the 2-methyl-4-aminopentyl, 2-methyl-4-aminohexyl and the 2-hydroxymethyl-4-aminoethyl derivatives, were less potent. A 2-hydroxy-4-ammino- derivative was the exception, however, with low lipophilicity and relatively low potency. All of the compounds tested showed comparable or greater inhibition in both the neutrophil-mediated assays compared with dapsone. Some of the compounds might, because of their good tissue penetration and lower toxicity than dapsone, have the potential to undergo further development.