Rationale and Objectives. The authors attempted to determine whether videotaping the fluoroscopic portion of hysterosalpingography would result in changed diagnoses or an increase in diagnostic confidence. Materials and Methods. Ninety-nine consecutive outpatients underwent routine hysterosalpingography. The fluoroscopic portion of the examination was captured on videotape. Two consecutive interpretations of each hysterosalpingogram were made by attending radiologists. First, spot radiographs were interpreted alone. Second, these images were viewed along with videofluoroscopy. Concordance of and confidence in findings for the two interpretations were assessed with the two-tailed Fisher exact test. Results. Interpretations of spot radiographs alone and with videofluoroscopy were in agreement in 92 of 99 uterine examinations and 164 of 198 tubal examinations. For uterine examinations classified as normal, interpretations of spot radiographs and videofluoroscopy were in agreement in 56 of 57 cases; there was no change in confidence with review of videofluoroscopic images. For uterine examinations interpreted as abnormal, agreement was noted in 36 of 42 cases (P = .04), and confidence increased with videofluoroscopy in 10 of 42 cases (P = .00001). With normal tubal findings, interpretations agreed in 94 of 118 cases, and confidence increased in 56 of 118 cases (P = .002). With abnormal tubal findings, interpretations agreed in 70 of 80 cases, and confidence increased in 20 of 80 cases (P = .002). When findings with and without videofluoroscopy were discordant, confidence was always higher after review of videofluoroscopic images. Conclusion. Review of videofluoroscopic images obtained during hysterosalpingography increases the accuracy and confidence of diagnoses compared with review of spot radiographs alone.