Neisseria gonorrhoeae was isolated from 39% of male contacts of women with acute gonococcal pelvic inflammatory disease (PID); 22% of these men were asymptomatic. More than half of those women with gonococcal PID had at least one male sexual consort with gonorrhea. Neisseria gonorrhoeae was isolated from 15% of male contacts of women with nongonococcal PID; 30% were asymptomatic. Since a substantial number of male contacts of women with acute PID will have cultures positive for N gonorrhoeae and are asymptomatic, all male sexual consorts should be examined and have cultures grown for gonorrhea. © 1977, American Medical Association. All rights reserved.