A 66-year-old woman with idiopathic premature ventricular contractions with a left bundle branch block QRS morphology and left inferior axis underwent electrophysiologic testing. Successful radiofrequency ablation was achieved in the right coronary cusp (RCC). However, radiofrequency ablation at sites adjacent to the successful ablation site provoked sinus bradycardia followed by atrioventricular conduction block. That phenomenon might be explained by a vagal reflex through stimulation of vagal pathways or receptors in the anterior epicardial fat pads neighboring to the RCC. A vagal reflex should be kept in mind as a complication during catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmias originating from the RCC. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.