IgA hybridomas: A method for generation in high numbers

Academic Article

Abstract

  • An immunization regimen has been developed which yields a high frequency of hybridomas producing IgA isotype, antigen-specific antibody when spleen cells from immunized mice are fused with non-immunoglobulin secreting murine myeloma cells. Germfree BALB/c mice were carrier-primed with sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) by gastric intubation (GI) for 2 consecutive days followed 1 week later by GI with trinitrophenyl (TNP)-haptenated SRBC. After 7 days, spleen cells were fused with non-immunoglobulin secreting myeloma cells (X63-Ag8.653), and 2-3 weeks later, culture wells were scored for hybrid clones. Of 240 culture wells plated, 157 wells (65.4%) exhibited clones producing anti-TNP antibodies as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A total of 50 specific cell lines were established, of which 27 clones (54%) produced IgA isotype anti-TNP antibodies, while the anti-TNP antibodies produced by the remaining 23 clones were approximately equally distributed between the IgM and IgG isotypes. The IgA and IgM monoclonal antibodies were more effective in hemagglutinating TNP-SRBC than were IgG isotype antibodies. This study describes a method for production of a high number of antigen-specific IgA hybridomas which will allow production of IgA monoclonal antibodies to important antigens on mucosally-associated pathogens, and thus allow elucidation of functions of IgA antibody at mucosal surfaces. © 1982.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Colwell DE; Gollahon KA; McGhee JR; Michalek SM
  • Start Page

  • 259
  • End Page

  • 266
  • Volume

  • 54
  • Issue

  • 2