Two-dimensional NMR experiments were performed on the adduct of anthramycin with d-(ATGCAT)2 to obtain the assignments of the nucleotide base and sugar protons as well as the anthramycin protons. Anthramycin is covalently attached to a guanine 2-amino group, forming the d(ATamGCAT)·d-(ATGCAT) modified duplex. The anthramycin protons in the minor groove exhibit NOEs to several nucleotide protons. The network of anthramycin-nucleotide NOEs and the measurement of the 10-Hz coupling constant between the anthramycin H11 and H11a protons shows that anthramycin is covalently attached as the S stereoisomer at the anthramycin C11 position with the side chain of anthramycin oriented toward the 5' end of the modified strand. The NOE data show that the anthramycin-modified duplex is in a right-handed conformation with all bases in an anti conformation. Analysis of the J1'-2' coupling constants for the resolved H1' resonances shows that the S-type conformation of the sugars is highly preferred. © 1989, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.