Folate content in commercial white and whole wheat sandwich breads

Academic Article


  • After the U.S. mandate of folic acid fortification of enriched grain products, a report indicated higher than expected fortification. Limited information is available on folic acid in enriched products. We measured the folate content in 92 sandwich breads (46 white breads and 46 whole wheat breads) in Birmingham, Alabama, during 2001-2003. The mean folate content in white bread declined significantly from 2001 to 2002 or 2003, whereas the decline in folate content in whole wheat bread containing enriched flour was not significant. White bread contained significantly more folate than whole wheat bread containing enriched flour in 2001 and 2003. In 2002 and 2003, >40% of breads made of enriched flour contained <115 μg of folate/100 g and >70% contained <160 μg/100 g. These percentages were markedly higher than those in 2001. Our data suggest that folic acid in breads containing enriched flour declined after 2001 and monitoring of fortification may be necessary.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Johnston KE; Tamura T
  • Start Page

  • 6338
  • End Page

  • 6340
  • Volume

  • 52
  • Issue

  • 20