Bladder dysfunction secondary to spinal cord injury results in an increased risk for bacteriuria and urinary tract infection. None of the current methods of bladder management have eliminated this secondary complication. A lack of consistent terminology in the literature relating to urinary tract infection has led to confusion in both research findings and treatment recommendations. This article provides and uses terminology that is generally accepted in the medical literature. Diagnostic and treatment guidelines are based on research results that are applicable to persons with neurogenic bladders from a wide range of etiologies.