Imaging is central to anatomic pathology. The captured images are used for documentation, archiving, teaching, and publication. The advent of low-cost, consumer-type, high-end digital cameras has provided a convenient, easy-to-use alternative for routine image acquisition. The various applications for digital image acquisition in anatomic pathology include, among others, digitizing conventional photographs, digital gross photography and digital macrophotography, digitizing radiographic images, and digital photomicrography. This article reviews digital image acquisition in the anatomic pathology setting using a consumer-type digital camera. The camera type chosen as an example for the discussion was selected for its popularity and wide use among pathologists and for its potential to function as a sole image input device in all applications combined. Techniques and accessories to further increase the functionality of the camera and help overcome some of the commonly encountered problems in some applications are described. Copyright © 2004 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.