The disposition of cyclophosphamide was determined in 12 women with ovarian carcinoma receiving cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2, doxorubicin (adriamycin) 50 mg/m2 and cisplatin 50 mg/m2 during their first and second courses of therapy. Plasma samples were obtained over 24 h following the completion of the cyclophosphamide infusion and assayed for cyclophosphamide by high performance liquid chromatography. The mean disposition of cyclophosphamide conformed to a 2-compartment model with a mean terminal half-life of 7.14 h on the first course and 8.77 h on the second course. Mean area under the plasma concentration versus time curve appeared to increasse from 248.8 mg · h/l for the initial course to 282.2 mg · h/l on the second. Mean total body clearance was 2.01 l/h/m2 on the first course and 1.77 l/h/m2 on the second. Volume of distribution on the first and second courses were 15.3 l/m2 and 18.1 l/m2, respectively. These results suggested that cyclophosphamide clearance decreased when given in a bolus fashion every 3 weeks. However, inter-patient and intra-patient variability was large and the differences in the calculated parameters were not statistically significant when the individual patient data were considered. It is concluded that: 1. cyclophosphamide disposition can best be fit by a bi-exponential equation; 2. considerable intra- and interpatient variability in the concentration-time profile will be encountered; 3. cyclophosphamide disposition does not change from the first to the second course. Reasons for the wide variation are proposed.