Mechanism of fibroblast attachment to bone extracellular matrix: Role of a 44 kilodalton bone phosphoprotein

Academic Article

Abstract

  • While the exact mechanisms regulating bone homeostasis are unknown, it is generally accepted that factors with the capacity to regulate cell attachment and spreading play a role in osteogenesis. A 44 kDa bone phosphoprotein (44K BPP), isolated from rat bone and synthesized by osteoblasts, was evaluated for its role in attachment and spreading of fibroblasts. In uncoated plates, enhanced cell attachment and spreading were observed when fibroblasts were exposed to the 44K BPP. The attachment properties of the bone phosphoprotein are different from those of fibronectin, in that the 44K BPP did not promote cell attachment in type I collagen wells, as was seen with fibronectin. Also, 44K BPP continued to enhance cell attachment up to 24 h, whereas cell attachment declined in time with cells exposed to fibronectin. Cycloheximide did not alter 44K BPP promotion of cell attachment, indicating that de novo protein synthesis was not required. These studies suggest that the 44K BPP is important in the regulation of cell attachment and spreading at sites of mineralization. Copyright © 1987 ASBMR
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Somerman MJ; Prince CW; Sauk JJ; Foster RA; Butler WT
  • Start Page

  • 259
  • End Page

  • 265
  • Volume

  • 2
  • Issue

  • 3